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The protection of patient rights is categorized within the one-on-one relationship between a patient and their caretaker. As a part of the procedure, the relationship must remain confidential and protected by the law. Also, qualified medical or healthcare professionals are responsible for protecting patient rights.

It is the ethical and moral duty for the caretakers to advocate for their patients. As well as making sure they understand the information and are capable of administering care to them. This becomes a positive factor for the patient as it improves their overall mental well-being and overcomes their sickness and injuries. It also makes them satisfied with their caretakers, follow prescriptions and directions, and produce better results.

The necessity of rights goes beyond care for those in need of it. It also acts as a definition for the givers’ responsibilities. Therefore, it can be recognized that patient rights define healthcare professional’s responsibilities.

How it Came to be

The patient’s bill of rights was created as an extension of human rights. Its job is to preserve the patient’s dignity. Also, it ensures that in case of sickness and times of emergency, they can receive high-quality care. These rights were developed with the use of ethics and values for success in the medical profession.

To not be perceived as ignorant, a majority of patients are unaware of their rights. They believe that the caregiver is always right. Otherwise, they may be simply clueless on how to begin asking questions or what to ask. Consequently, these patients blindly agree to whatever they are told to do.

Due to this, patient rights have become a surging topic within the healthcare community. Specifically, there were discussions about what they are and when they came into practice. Widespread agreements have also been formulated to increase the knowledge on the topic. This helps strengthen and provide the ability to properly recognize a patient’s needs.

How to Protect Patient Rights

To make sure that all the important aspects of patient rights are respected, medical ethics must be taken into account. These include:

Informed Consent

A persistent failure of patient relationships results from informed consent. It is where a patient doesn’t understand the information being told to them. Informed consent is a voluntary agreement by a person who possesses sufficient mental capacity. Then, they are able to make an intelligent choice to allow something proposed by another to be performed on themselves.

For that to happen, it must be handled by a legal doctrine. Through that, a patient has the right to know crucial information about a proposed procedure. This information includes potential risks, benefits, and alternatives available.

The patient has the absolute right to know about it and select from available treatment options. On the other hand, it is the healthcare professionals’ duty to disclose sufficient information before submitting it to them. Although, they have to be careful of their words and make sure that they can be understood well by the patient. This is because they tend to say words that those not in the medical field won’t comprehend.


Sometimes, a patient is not in their right “mind” to understand the procedure they are about to go through. With that, a suffrage decision should be brought into the equation. There are three elements of informed decision: its nature, the patient’s competency to decide, and the voluntary nature of the decision.

  • Nature of the Decision – the medical professional must simply guide and support the patient. Alongside this, the patient should be asked and reiterated statements to show comprehension of the information being given to them.
  • Competency of the Patient to Decide – a patient cannot make a decision it falls upon the surrogate to do so. Competency of the patient to make a decision must be evaluated by healthcare professionals.
  • Voluntary Nature of the Decision – it is the ethical duty of healthcare workers to make sure that they are capable of deciding on their care correctly. It may be easy to simply ask and receive a decision without careful analysis, but they shouldn’t as part of their duty.


Part of protecting patient rights is also confidentiality or any information related to the patient. As the ones requesting service, they are entitled to privacy. This is because it’s their business and no one aside from their caretaker unless they choose to make it so.

Laws have been implemented in place to make sure that this does not get violated. This is because it establishes a critical relationship between the patient and his caretaker. It also maintains social merit. As well as it acts as a way for them to be safe in certain situations about their health.

Confidentiality stresses that their health conditions should not be discussed with anyone who has no relation to the patient. Maintaining it also keeps the caretakers safe from legal actions that could be taken upon them and upholds ethical ways. Lastly, it properly upholds their autonomy and makes the patient feel independent in a vulnerable situation.


Autonomy is the patient’s right for a medical professional to assess their competence and knowledge before providing information. Meanwhile, a medical professional’s job is to advocate for their patient. As well as they must be willing to risk reputation and employment for a patient’s wellbeing.

Moreover, autonomy can be brought up in difficult situations where there can be arising issues. This includes language barrier, differing power dynamics, and mental and physical vulnerability. As a result, informed consent is stopped from being received. Also, this can discourage some healthcare professionals from taking the time to fully explain an issue to a person. As well as it disrupts consent from being received when providing care.

For example, a nurse might need to simply get through all of them rapidly due to the language barrier. As a result, those caught in such a situation might also feel vulnerable. Moreover, a feeling of powerlessness might lead them to agree with any authority due to fear.

Regardless, it is the ethical duty of a medical professional to ensure that the voice of the patient is heard. It is also important that the patient is fully aware of what is taking place. Finally, any consent given to the nurse is given freely with the immigrant patient’s best interests in their minds.

Why Patient Rights are Important

In summary, It is the nurse’s moral and ethical duty to ensure that the patient is capable of making decisions. It is also up to them to make sure they are receiving informed consent. As well as making sure that there is clear communication and the patient’s requests and needs are fulfilled.

Healthcare providers are tasked with providing quality service to patients. Moreover, it is their duty to bridge the gap between the patient’s knowledge and true understanding of their condition. All those on top of ensuring decisions are made with a clear, level-headed person. Conclusively, the ethical and moral duty for the nurse is to advocate for the patient. Moreover, they must make sure the patients are capable and in full understanding of advocating for themselves.